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Fact sheets

TB and women in South Africa

Aug 2019
TB and women in South Africa

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global health concern, accounting for 1.6 million deaths in 2017. South Africa is among eight countries that together contribute two thirds of the world’s TB burden. TB is the leading cause of death in South Africa, particularly among people aged 15 to 44 years, accounting for 6.5 per cent of all natural deaths in 2016[1]. High mortality rates are caused by, among others, late diagnosis, low adherence to TB treatment, and co-infection with HIV, which further weakens and compromises TB patients’ immune systems. While TB is the number one cause of death for men in South Africa and only the number five cause for women[2], it is important to note that the TB disease can have particularly severe consequences for women, especially during their productive and reproductive years.

Community-Based TB Management through Local NGOs

Oct 2017


The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) funds the Tuberculosis South Africa Programme, a five-year project (2016–2021) that provides technical assistance to the government of South Africa to reduce TB infections. A key component of the project includes supporting community-based non-governmental organisations (NGOs) to increase demand for and availability of TB and drug-resistant TB (DR-TB) services, working in partnership with key stakeholders at national, provincial and district levels.

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