You are here

Basic Facts about TB

How is TB diagnosed?

TB disease of the lungs is diagnosed by testing the sputum and having chest x-rays done. Diagnosis of TB in other parts of the body needs special tests. Visit your nearest health centre if you think you might have TB.

What are some common forms of TB?

TB disease occurs most commonly in the lungs. It can also develop in almost any other part of the body, such as in the lymph nodes, heart, abdomen, kidneys, spine and so on.

What are the symptoms of TB?

You could have TB if you have been coughing for more than two weeks (especially if coughing up blood), have unexplained weight loss, and drenching night sweats or fever. Other symptoms include weakness, chest pain and other generalised aches.

Who is at risk of developing TB disease?

People living with HIV are at greater risk of developing TB. Because of their immature immune systems children under the age of five years are at increased risk, as are older people because of their weakened immune systems.  

What is TB infection and what is TB disease?

TB infection is when the germs enter the body and are not destroyed by the body’s defence system, but remain in the body without causing any symptoms or signs. TB disease is when the germs increase within the body and cause symptoms and signs.

How is TB spread?

TB germs are spread from one person to another through the air. When a person with TB coughs, sneezes, laughs or sings, TB germs are released into the air. Anyone nearby who breathes in the air can be infected with TB.

What is tuberculosis (TB)?

TB is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. TB can attack any part of the body, but most frequently affects the lungs.

Subscribe to RSS - Basic Facts about TB